M.A. Program in Counseling Psychology
Students in the M.A. Counseling Psychology Program are required to pursue two and half years of coursework in the following areas:
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Current approaches and treatment techniques in Marriage, Family and Child Counseling form the focus of these courses. The faculty, composed of experienced educators who are also practicing therapists, augment the coursework by bringing their professional and personal experiences into the classroom setting.
CP 501, 2.5 Units
This course introduces students to the theory and practice of psychotherapy, marriage and family therapy, and professional clinical counseling and how they can be utilized in order to intervene therapeutically with couples, families, adults, children, and groups. To provide a thorough cultural and historical perspective, this course includes counseling process in a multicultural society, an orientation to wellness and prevention, counseling theories to assist in selection of appropriate counseling interventions, models of counseling consistent with current professional research and practice, as well as training in multidisciplinary responses to crises, emergencies, and disasters. The course traces the development of psychotherapy from precursors in ancient and indigenous culture to the contemporary Western world. Both the profession and vocation of being a psychotherapist are considered, as well as some of the fundamental assumptions of the main theories that define contemporary psychotherapy. This course is comparative; including Person-Centered therapy, Gestalt, Cognitive Behavior, Feminist, Post-Modern and Depth Psychological approaches.
Professional Skills Development I.A., I.B., I.C., I.D.
CP 565, CP 566, CP 567, CP 568, .25 Unit each
Courses CP 565, CP 566, CP 567 and CP 568 are designed to assist students in developing knowledge of their state educational and licensure requirements for applicant eligibility as a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor and/or Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. Each course builds upon the previous one, and must be taken in sequential order as prerequisites to enter Professional Skills Development II. A, B, C, and CP 610. Throughout the series of Professional Skills Development courses students will learn to recognize the value of continuing education in advanced clinical training, while developing knowledge that will assist them to professionally prepare and manage their trainee experience in a field study/traineeship practicum.
Human Growth and Development
CP 520, 2 Units
Human growth and development are addressed in order to understand diverse approaches to developmental stages and issues across the lifespan, with particular emphasis paid to developmental crises, psychopathology and the situational and environmental factors that affect both normal and abnormal behavior and development. The socio-cultural context of development and of theories about development will be emphasized, as well as the impact of socioeconomic status and other contextual issues affecting social position. Biological, social, cognitive, and psychological aspects of aging and development will be addressed within the context of depth psychotherapy.
Geropsychology & Long Term Care
CP 526, 1 Unit
This online course examines psychological, social, biological, and cognitive aspects of the aging process including theories of aging, developmental tasks of older life, normative changes in memory versus disease processes, ageism, sexuality and intimacy in later life, life review, end of life and grief, diversity in aging, and myths and misconceptions about the elderly. Assessment, diagnostic formulation, and treatment planning guidelines are explored in working with the elderly and their significant others regarding housing, health care options, long term care needs, and end of life issues.
Ethics and the Law: Child Abuse Assessment and Treatment
CP 525, 1 Unit
This course provides a comprehensive overview of the ethics and laws regarding child abuse assessment, reporting, and intervention pertaining to clinical practice. The course integrates an understanding of various cultures and the social and psychological implications of socioeconomic status as well as the principles of mental health recovery oriented care and methods of service delivery in recovery oriented practice environments.
CP 502, 4.5 Units
The history and varieties of psychopathology in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders are studied in this course. Mental illness, severe mental disorders, and co-occurring disorders, are examined with an understanding of the social and psychological implications of socioeconomics, age, gender, and other cultural matters that affect social position and social stress. Systemic dysfunction in marriages, couples, and families are evaluated to develop awareness of psychopathology in a relational context. In the spirit of Freud's drives and conflicts, and Jung's "the gods are in the diseases," suffering and the soul are explored in the tradition of depth psychology.
Family Systems & Domestic Violence
CP 605, 1.5 Units
This course introduces family systems and psychodynamic concepts and theories, with an emphasis on spousal or partner abuse assessment, detection, prevention, and intervention strategies. Coursework includes development of safety plans, identification of community resources, awareness of cultural factors, and same gender abuse dynamics. Ethical considerations are explored and the activation of community and familial support are considered as they impact effective prevention and treatment.
Multicultural Counseling Theories and Techniques
CP 530, 2.5 Units
This course is designed to expand and deepen an awareness of intercultural competency and sensitivity. Intercultural development and interaction includes experiences of race, ethnicity, class, spirituality, sexual orientation, gender and disability and their incorporation into the psychotherapeutic process. Emphasis is placed on integrating an understanding of various cultural values and the psychological orientations of various cultural groups as well as an awareness of social and psychological implications of socioeconomic and other contextual issues affecting social position. The student will also gain an understanding of multicultural counseling theories and techniques, including the counselor's ethical responsibility in developing cultural self-awareness, identity development, and the promotion of cultural social justice, as well as individual and community strategies for working with diverse populations. A special emphasis will be placed on developing a greater personal awareness of the rich healing traditions of various cultures through the lens of Depth Psychology. The student will be able to identify cultural metaphors, symbols, and archetypes that may be outside the parameters of Western counseling and psychotherapy. Students will also have the opportunity to examine the counselor's responsibility to uncover and address biases, assumptions, and stereotypes. Students will gain an understanding of the processes of intentional and unintentional oppression, prejudice, discrimination, and the role of privilege. Students will be encouraged to explore and challenge their own experiences and responses in regard to diversity.
Professional Orientation: Ethics and the Law
CP 523, 3.5 Units
This course provides an in-depth consideration of legal and ethical issues related to the development of an ethical conscience in order to recognize, examine, respond, and apply ethical considerations to professional practice. The course includes contemporary professional ethics and statutory, regulatory, and decisional laws that delineate the scope of practice of professional clinical counseling and marriage and family therapy. Professional behavior and ethics are applied to the differences in legal and ethical standards for different types of work settings. The course focuses on the current legal patterns and trends in the mental health professions, including psychotherapist-patient privilege, confidentiality, patients dangerous to self or others, and the treatment of minors with and without parental consent. This course concentrates attention on the recognition and exploration of the relationship between a practitioner's sense of self and human values, functions, and relationships with other human service providers, strategies for collaboration, and advocacy processes needed to address institutional and social barriers that impede access, equity, and success for clients. Case vignettes expand students' conceptualization of the ethical and legal concerns in a variety of potential situations, including but not limited to mandated reporting laws and professional standards of conduct.
Group Counseling Theories and Techniques I
CP 527, 1.5 Units
This course focuses on theories, principles, and methods of a variety of psychotherapeutic orientations related to group counseling. This includes principles of group dynamics, group process components, and therapeutic factors of group work. Special emphasis will be placed on individual and interpersonal dynamics of therapy groups fostering resilience and the improvement, restoration, and maintenance of healthy relationships. In-class participation in an extensive group experience is designed to further the understanding of group interaction and strengthen facilitator skills.
Advanced Theories and Techniques: Human Sexuality
CP 522, 1 Unit
This course focuses on the development of a therapeutic approach that recognizes the diversity of human sexual expression, the assessment and treatment of psychosexual dysfunction with emphasis on resiliency and recovery-oriented care, and the study of physiological, psychological, and socio-cultural variables associated with sexual behavior and gender identity.
Community Mental Health Counseling
CP 607, 4.5 Units
This course will explore how the depth psychological traditions enhance community mental health service delivery. It addresses the theories and skills required in contemporary community mental health settings, including recovery-oriented treatment for people with severe mental illness, disaster and trauma response, services for survivors of abuse, case management, client advocacy and empowerment, home-based and school-based services, bilingual client services, a collaborative approach to treatment, and knowledge of community resources. The course provides a practical overview of public and private systems of care as well as opportunities to meet with people with severe mental illness and their families.
Professional Skills Development II.A., II.B., II.C., II.D.
CP 665, CP 666, CP 667, CP 668 .25 Unit each
The online Professional Skills Development II., A, B, C, and D courses are designed to complement the Clinical Practice I, II, and III course lectures, experiential exercises, and assignments in which students continue to refine and apply the course curriculum and their assessment, diagnostic, and treatment skills to the Field Study/Traineeship experience within their community. The supervised practicum integrates a multi-theoretical approach to psychotherapy through clinical application and provides students with an introduction to the scope and practice of Licensed Professional Clinical Counseling and Licensed Marriage and Family Therapy.
Marriage, Family & Relationship Counseling I, II
CP 601, CP 602, 3 Units each
Students complete coursework in theories, principles, and methods of assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of marriage, domestic partnership, and family while developing a working knowledge of systems theory. This course examines how these theories and principles can be applied therapeutically with individuals, couples, same sex couples, families, children, adolescents, and groups to improve, restore, or maintain healthy relationships. Course content includes life span issues, genealogy, ethnicity, and cultural factors that affect individuals, couples, and families. The psychological, psychotherapeutic, and health implications that arise within couples, families, adolescence, adulthood, marriage, divorce, blended families, intercultural families, and step parenting are also investigated. Students learn to integrate depth psychology as it applies to professional clinical counseling and marriage and family therapy. Prerequisites: CP 515, 516, 517, 523
CP 630, 4.5 Units
This course covers psychological assessment, appraisal, and testing of children, adults, couples, and families, including basic concepts of standardized and non-standardized tests, norm-referenced and criterion referenced assessment, statistical concepts, test theory and construction, and the appropriate and ethical use of assessment for those from diverse backgrounds and within diverse settings including community mental health. Coursework includes how to select, administer, score, and interpret tests, instruments, and other tools designed to measure attributes, abilities, aptitude, achievement, interests, personal characteristics, disabilities, and mental, emotional functioning and behavior. Students are familiarized with neuro-psychological tests, intelligence and personality tests, and psychological reports. Qualitative analysis and mythic inquiry are explored within a depth psychological perspective.
Counseling in Alcohol and Substance Use and Abuse
CP 660, 4.5 Units
Theories, skills, and techniques of bio-psycho-social therapy for substance abuse are studied in this course. Students learn models for assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of drug and alcohol abuse, addiction, and co-occurring disorders. Coursework includes the study of at-risk populations, community resources, the role of support persons and support systems, follow-up programs for the affected person and family, methods for prevention and relapse prevention, and the legal and medical issues related to substance abuse. Students learn how to work with both sides of the therapeutic relationship and through motivational interviewing techniques to increase conditions which support change in substance abusers. The relation of alcohol to spirits and the drug experience, articulated in symbols and mythological motifs, allows for the study of substance use and abuse in psychological depth.
CP 532, 1.5 Units
This course covers the history and treatment of childhood disorders including learning, behavioral, and emotional problems. Emphasis is placed on imaginative processes and expressive techniques useful in psychotherapy with children, such as drawings, sand tray, board games, puppets, sandtray, and clay as well as analytical and phenomenological evaluations of the expressed content. Affective neuroscience with its recent attention to emotion, attachment, and child development, along with traditional play therapy and gestalt approaches to working with children, are integrated throughout the course. Students continue to increase their understanding of contextual issues such as the impact of culture, socioeconomics, and family systems in the treatment of children.
Group Counseling Theories and Techniques II
CP 528, 2 Units
This course focuses on theories, principles, and methods of psychotherapeutic modalities related to group counseling. Special emphasis will be placed on theories of developmental stages related to group work, group leadership styles and approaches, pertinent research and literature, and evaluation of effectiveness. In-class participation in an extensive group experience is designed to further the understanding of group interaction and strengthen facilitator skills.
CP 511, 2 Units
Psychological experience, development, and pathology occur in a cultural context. This class examines cultural phenomena such as race, gender, age, sexual orientation, group affiliation, environment, socioeconomics, politics, violence, media, and education to illuminate how they affect the individual and the community. The intermingling of cultural and depth psychologies brings culture into the consulting room of counseling psychology and psyche to the world whereby individual souls are found to be interrelated and interdependent. Special emphasis is given to liberation psychology and strategies for recovery from dependence, building individual and community resilience to crisis, multidisciplinary approaches to research and intervention that limit social barriers to mental health services and other resources, advocacy for diverse populations, fostering social justice, and develop greater awareness of mental health consequences which result from bias and oppression.
CP 608, 4.5 Units
This course examines career development theories and techniques, such as career development decision making models and interrelationships among, and between, work, family, and other life roles, including the role of multicultural issues. Students evaluate assessment tools for determining skills, values, interests, personality traits, psychological types, and archetypal categories. Emphasis is given to the importance of the relationship between work and vocation through the study of the organizational psyche and individual calling, destiny, and self-understanding.
CP 670, 4.5 Units
The basic principles of psychopharmacology are presented including the biology, and neurochemistry, of behavior. The use of common psychoactive medications, their drug classification, benefits, and side effects are studied. Students learn models for collaborative treatment, methods and clinical considerations for making referrals for medication evaluations, and procedures for continued client assessment of medicinal impact. The historical, philosophical, ethical, socio-cultural, political, and psychological issues, well represented in the Greek pharmakon with its play of oppositions and contaminations: remedy-poison, good-bad, and positive-negative, are explored from depth psychology's alchemy as a precursor to chemistry and a focus on mythological, spiritual, and psychological matters.
Group Counseling Theories and Techniques III
CP 529, 1 Unit
This course focuses on theories, principles, and methods of psychotherapeutic modalities related to group counseling. Special emphasis will be placed on developing effective group leadership styles and approaches, and evaluation of effectiveness. In-class participation in an extensive group experience is designed to further the student's understanding of group interaction and strengthen facilitator skills.
These courses serve to promote the incorporation of literature, mythology, and depth psychology into the practice of psychotherapy. They emphasize a wide variety of topics, such as depth psychology, literary genres, religious and mystical traditions, mythic approaches to experience, and cultural psychology. Students are urged to imagine and approach the human condition from diverse ethnic and cultural perspectives. The humanities and depth traditions courses have the capacity to awaken a sense of the complexity of the human psyche, teaching one how to see mythically, imaginally, and psychologically. Instead of perceiving literature, mythology, and depth psychology as isolated fields of study, the student is able to understand that the psychotherapist's vision is fed from a multiplicity of cultural sources which open up the way an individual's suffering is witnessed in psychotherapy. The specific contents, courses, and titles of the Humanities and Depth Traditions classes vary each academic year. Students complete seven courses in this area of study during their two and a half-year program.
Introduction to the Theories of the Depth Tradition
CP 534........ 2 Units
The field of depth psychology is based on multiple historical, cultural, and theoretical perspectives. This course examines these perspectives and formulates an introductory understanding of the theories of depth psychology. Topics include the multidisciplinary role of myth and metaphor, the nature of the unconscious, multicultural approaches to wellness and prevention, contemporary theory and technique, and empirical evidence for the efficacy of depth psychotherapy.
Depth Psychology Theory and Practice I: Analytical Psychology
CP 541, 2 Units
This course introduces the foundational concepts and theories of analytical psychology including the ego, persona, shadow, anima and animus, typology complexes, transference, and counter-transference. The personal and archetypal dimensions of the unconscious, the individuation process, the nature and function of psychopathology, and the role of dreams and active imagination are explored. The emphasis is on the application of these concepts to psychotherapeutic practice. Populations and specific treatment issues amenable to analytic approaches are examined. The contributions of C.G. Jung, as well as post-Jungian theorists, to the field of analytical psychology are appraised.
Depth Psychology Theory and Practice II: Imaginal and Archetypal Psychology
CP 542, 1.5 Units
Imaginal and archetypal psychology are examined for the ways in which they revision depth psychological approaches to therapy and culture. Consideration is given to the development of a poetic/metaphorical sensibility in confronting the complexity of psychological life. Emphasis is placed on moving from theory to practice specifically regarding the use of images to deepen clinical work.
Depth Psychology Theory and Practice III: Archetypal Symbols and Dynamics in Psychotherapy A
CP 543, 1 Unit
To be fully present to the polyphonic nature of experience and imagination, psychology must pay close attention to the perennial issues that guide the understanding of being human. This course develops knowledge of the archetypal dimensions of psychotherapeutic practice through interdisciplinary studies in the humanities. From the depth psychological perspective, the course explores ways in which mythology and literature reveal the complex metaphoric and symbolic nature of the human psyche and its search for meaning within the context of psychologically challenging experiences.
Depth Psychology Theory and Practice IV: Dreamwork in Clinical Practice
CP 544, 1 Unit
Dreams have been foundational to modern depth psychotherapy since Sigmund Freud's publication in 1900 of The Interpretation of Dreams. This course provides students with knowledge of how, when, and with which populations to work clinically with dreams. Personal and archetypal dimensions of dream imagery, reductive and prospective approaches, techniques of association, amplification, creative expression, and the role of dreams in the individuation process are explored.
Depth Psychology Theory and Practice V: Archetypal Symbols and Dynamics in Psychotherapy B
CP 545, 1 Unit
Building on Depth Psychology Theory and Practice III, we continue to develop a depth psychological application of the humanities to the archetypal dimensions of psychotherapy, including therapeutic relationships, psychopathology, therapeutic interventions, and healing. An interdisciplinary approach to specific treatment issues such as depression, psychosis, narcissism, anxiety and others, as well as specific populations is explored.
Depth Psychology Theory and Practice VI: Somatic Psychotherapy
CP 546, 1 Unit
Neuroscience has demonstrated the functional unity between mind and body. Students will be introduced in this course to theories and therapeutic modalities that emphasize awareness of sensory, affective, cognitive, and imaginal impressions as manifestations of psyche in the sensed-felt-known field of the body. These impressions and images are manifestations of the prima materia and ground somatic psychotherapeutic in depth psychology.
These courses are designed to train students in counseling procedures and techniques, psychotherapeutic styles, interpersonal and group dynamics, and clinical strategies. This training is promoted through the use of case consultation, review and critique of video and audio tape recordings of clinical sessions, dyadic practice sessions, and classroom observation. Special topic presentations, case analyses, and in-class demonstrations strengthen the student's understanding of making a diagnosis and developing treatment plans. Students are encouraged to become aware of how their affective states, ideas, biases, and fantasies affect the therapeutic relationship. Furthermore, they are asked to critically question the traditional therapeutic understandings of such concepts as health, growth, and healing. The Theory/Praxis courses also provide a context for students to consult with faculty advisors in undertaking research and generating new knowledge as part of the Master's Thesis and to prepare for and sit for Pacifica's Comprehensive Examination.
Counseling Skills: Process of Psychotherapy I, II, III
CP 515, CP 516, CP 517, 3 Units each
The Counseling Skills courses occur in sequence and are designed to assist students in developing the personal and professional qualities and skills that are related to becoming effective mental health practitioners. Each course also introduces students to theoretical concepts, including those from the depth tradition, and clinical application related to special treatment issues and populations. Each course builds upon the previous one with successful completion of the earlier courses required for entrance into the subsequent courses. Students must pass an assessment of clinical readiness at the end of the final course in this sequence in order to progress to the clinical practicum.
Research in Psychology
CP 620, .75 Unit
This course introduces students to the distinctive theory and practice of research in counseling psychology including designing and conducting qualitative research, quantitative research designs, and mixed methods at both the conceptual and applied levels. The organic relationship between methodological approach, research problems, and research findings will be studied. An emphasis will be placed on the identification of research problems related to personal healing, collective healing, and human services with a depth psychological perspective. During this course students begin to organize their research for the Master's Thesis. This course culminates in the submission of draft statements of a research problem and research question and submission of a thesis proposal.
Clinical Practice I
CP 610, 3 Units
The course material and discussion in Clinical Practice I introduces and elaborates the therapeutic work of Licensed Professional Clinical Counselors, Marriage and Family Therapists, and depth-oriented counselors. Focus is placed on the temenos of the therapeutic container, and the development of a therapeutic alliance through the utilization of specific techniques that include genuineness, positive regard, empathic attunements, active listening skills, and reflection. Coursework helps students develop skills to successfully complete intake assessments, and frame theory-based case formulation and treatment planning. Students are taught note-taking procedures, case reporting, case management, crisis intervention, and strategies for working with, and advocating for, diverse populations in community health settings. Principles of the diagnostic process, including differential diagnosis, the use of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, the Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual, and Family Systems diagnostic procedures are covered through case discussion and case presentation. Students learn to integrate the art of depth psychotherapy by maintaining an awareness of the unconscious and its continuous healing and disruptive presence.
Seminar in Directed Research I.A. ,
CP 650A .3 Unit
Students enroll in this course in the fall quarter of the second year and participate in a small group seminar with an instructor. Students are introduced to hermeneutic and hueristic methodologies that involve library literacy and an imaginative approach to a research problem. Students research recovery models and incorporate a depth perspective in the integration of the material. The course culminates in the submission of a first draft of the thesis outline. Pass/No Pass
Clinical Practice II
CP 611, 3 Units
Clinical Practice II continues the sequence of courses supporting students' clinical training. During this course students will receive focused instruction on developing theory-based case formulation, the identification of treatment goals and interventions, as well as learning to select appropriate clinical strategies and methods for evaluating treatment progress.
Seminar in Directed Research I.B.
CP 650B, .4 Unit
Students enroll in this course in the winter quarter of the second year and participate in a small group seminar with an instructor. This course continues working with hermeneutic and heuristic methodologies to hone the research question and develop understanding of the use of research to inform evidence-based practice with a depth perspective. This course culminates in the submission of an ethics application, statements of the research problem and research question, a statement regarding the proposed research's clinical applicability, and a second draft of the thesis outline. Pass/No Pass
Clinical Practice III
CP 612, 3 Units
Students are expected to present case material from their respective traineeship sites to small groups where they will receive specific feedback to improve their skills in assessments and multiaxial diagnoses, clinical interventions, and tracking progress of treatment. Issues of law and ethics, interfacing with other health-care disciplines, diversity, crises management, suicidality, family violence, trauma and recovery, vicarious traumatization, depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia will be examined from multi-theoretical perspectives. Clinical Practice III continues the sequential focus on the practice of psychotherapy emphasizing the practical integration of depth psychology with the recovery model and other evidence-based treatment models that are utilized in community mental health settings. Particular attention is given to assisting students to refine their diagnostic and assessment skills, as well as supporting students to master the elements that go into building treatment plans and intervention strategies that are commensurate with the practice of professional psychology standards. Ethical and legal matters, therapeutic efficacy, termination, and the vocational pursuit of the depth psychological tradition are carefully examined in this course.
Seminar in Directed Research I.C.
CP 650C, .3 Unit
Students enroll in this course in the spring quarter of the second year and participate in a small group seminar with an instructor. Students will identify designs used in published research, and hone critical thinking skills in depth psychological research and methodology. This course focuses on the vocational aspects of depth psychological research and its impact on clinical practice. The course culminates in the submission of a reflective paper summarizing students' process of understanding research as a path to personal healing and progress regarding the review of the literature and their thesis outline. Pass/ No Pass
Seminar in Directed Research II.A.
CP 651A, .75 Unit
Students enroll in this course when they are ready to begin writing the thesis. Methodology required by depth psychological research is reviewed according to the design or approach to be used in the student's thesis. The transferential aspects of depth psychological research and the importance of research in advancing the profession of depth and counseling psychology are presented in a small group seminar. The research and writing of the thesis is supervised by an instructor who guides the students in their critiques of the reflective paper assigned in the previous quarter and the methods section of the thesis assigned this quarter. Pass/No Pass
Clinical Practice IV
CP 613, 1 Unit
In this online course, students continue to refine assessment, diagnostic, and treatment skills. The importance of administrative and clinical management of client files, case notes, and other documentation is emphasized, as well as mastering a working knowledge of law, ethics, and HIPPA that regulates client confidentiality and privilege. Students will also learn self-care practices for therapists.
Seminar in Directed Research II.B.
CP 651B, 1 Unit
In small group seminars, students deepen their understanding of the vocational and transformational aspects of depth psychological research as a container for soul work and to foster individual, community, and cultural well-being. Methods of analyses are reviewed according to the methodological approach of the student's thesis as well as those needed for formative and summative program evaluation. Research and writing of the thesis is supervised by an instructor who provides feedback on the first draft of the literature review and the first draft of the research findings.
Clinical Practice V
CP 614, 1 Unit
In this online course, students continue their professional development in the vocations of Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, Marriage and Family Therapist, and community mental health service delivery systems. Students will develop a working knowledge of community mental health, client advocacy, and diverse populations. To assist the student in career preparation for community mental health work, and/ or the management of professional practice, the distinction and understanding between clinical supervision and clinical consultation will be further refined.
Seminar in Directed Research II.C.
CP 651C, 1 Unit
In small group seminars, research and writing of the thesis is supervised by an instructor who gives feedback on the final draft of the thesis. Successful completion of the course requires completion and submission of the thesis approved by the Research Coordinator.
Clinical Practice VI
CP 615, 1 Unit
Students learn to measure and track what is important in a successful private practice. The ethical standards and liability of private practice will be presented in manageable components and students will learn how to start and run an office. Students will learn to respond to managed care, minimize risk, set fees, generate referrals, and advertise their practice. Additional vocational opportunities such as marketing practices through clinical presentations, workshops, print, web, and organizational resources will also be reviewed.Pass/No Pass